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Periodontology

Recently a strong cause health periodontal disease. According to WHO data, almost 90% of all patients older than 35 years susceptible to periodontal disease. To пародонту include all organs and tissues, which are placed around the tooth - gums and bone, which is the root of the tooth and ligamentous apparatus of the tooth. The main disease, which is engaged in periodontics (the science of prevention and treatment of periodontal disease) is gingivitis, periodontitis, parodontosis..

  • Periodontitis(inflammation of the periodontal tissue, bleeding gums, a violation of support and chewing teeth functions)
  • Gingivitis(inflammation of the gums as a distinct disease, and as the beginning of more complex forms of periodontitis)
  • Periodontal disease(systemic periodontal disease, periodontal tissue that is associated with atherosclerosis, endocrine and other disorders of the body)

  1. Healthy tooth
    1. Gums tight to the tooth
  2. Gingivitis
    1. Inflammation of the gums
    2. Periodontal pocket 3mm
  3. Periodontitis
    1. Inflammation of the gums
    2. Bone resorption
    3. Periodontal pocket 6mm
    4. The formation of Tartar

 

Typical signs of periodontal disease are:

  • Bleeding gums when you brush your teeth
  • Red , swollen or loose gums
  • Gums easily peeled from the teeth
  • The constant presence of halitosis
  • Pus between the teeth and gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Denudation of the neck of the tooth

The basic causes of periodontal disease:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Weak immunity
  • Stress
  • The presence of dental plaque
  • Maxillodental deformation
  • Some chronic diseases
  • Malnutrition
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Smoking

To date, there are several methods for diagnosis of periodontal disease:

  • Measuring depth of periodontal pockets
  • Drafting parodontogramma - "map" of depth and localization of pathological periodontal pockets
  • X-ray pictures
  • Diagnosis of occlusion (bite)
  • Identifying traumatic factors - improperly installed seals and prosthetic

In our clinic we used next methods of treatment of periodontitis:

  • Deep scaling
  • Professional oral hygiene
  • Closed curettage
  • Teeth splinting
  • Elimination of traumatic factors: improperly installed seals, incorrect prosthetic, malocclusion or supplement incomplete dentition.

Closed curettage procedure is called purification of gum or periodontal pockets performed without compromising the integrity of the gums. Indication for closed curettage is small depth of the gingival pocket up to 5mm)

 

Closed curettage procedure is called purification of gum or periodontal pockets performed without compromising the integrity of the gums. Indication for closed curettage is small depth of the gingival pocket (up to 5mm ):

  • Removal of subgingival plaque
  • Removal of granulation tissue from the pocket cavity and its walls
  • The treatment cavity pocket isotonic sodium chloride solution
  • Imposition of protective bandage

Closed curettage allows you to fully heal shallow gingival pockets. Usually their disappearance enough 5-8 weeks starting from the date of curettage.

For the prevention of periodontal disease should heed the following advice:

  • Carefully observe oral hygiene, brush teeth regularly and massage gums
  • Eat right and take vitamins
  • Visit the dentist regularly and undergo the process of hygienic cleaning teeth

In our clinic, you can get a complete diagnosis, treatment and get detailed advice on the prevention of further periodontal disease.

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17.02.2014
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